Scientific Publications

Scientific publications on CTE are few. SLI is committed to contributing to the medical literature so more scientists and treating physicians understand CTE and threat it poses to athletes, military veterans, and others. Please visit this page regularly to view new publications. Click the blue icons after each article to read.

  1. Goldstein LE, Fisher AM, Tagge CA, Zhang XL, Velisek L, Sullivan JA, Upreti C, Kracht JM, Ericsson M, Wojnarowicz MW, Goletiani CJ, Maglakelidze GM, Casey N, Moncaster JA, Minaeva O, Moir RD, Nowinski CJ, Stern RA, Cantu RC, Geiling J, Blusztajn JK, Wolozin BL, Ikezu T, Stein TD, Budson AE, Kowall NW, Chargin D, Sharon A, Saman S, Hall GF, Moss WC, Cleveland RO, Tanzi RE, Stanton PK, McKee AC. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in blast-exposed military veterans and a blast neurotrauma mouse model. Sci Transl Med. 2012, 4:134ra60. [PDF]
  2. Bagley, A.F.,Daneshvar DH, Schanker BD, Zurakowski D, Dʼhemecourt CA, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, Goulet K. Effectiveness of the SLICE Program for Youth Concussion Education. Clin J Sport Med. 22(5): p. 385-389.
  3. Baugh CM, Stamm JM, Riley DO, Gavett BE, Shenton ME, Lin A, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC, Stern RA. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy: Neurodegeneration following repetitive concussive and subconcussive brain trauma. Brain Imaging and Behavior, Epub ahead of print. [PDF]
  4. Gavett BE, Cantu RC, Shenton M, Lin AP, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, and Stern RA. Clinical appraisal of chronic traumatic encephalopathy: current perspectives and future directions. Current Opinion in Neurology, 24, 525-531, 2011. [PDF]
  5. Daneshvar DH, Riley DO, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Stern RA, Cantu RC. Long-Term Consequences: Effects on Normal Development Profile After Concussion. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 22, 603-670, October 2011. [PDF]
  6. Stern RA, Riley DO, Daneshvar DH, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC. Long-term Consequences of Repetitive Brain Trauma: Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am, 3, S460-S467, October 2011.
  7. McKee AC, Gavett BE, Stern RA, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, Kowall NW, Perl D, Hedley-Whyte ET, Price B, Sullivan C, Morin P, Lee HS, Kubilus CA, Daneshvar DH, Wulff M, Budson AE. TDP-43 Proteinopathy and Motor Neuron Disease in Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy. J Neuropath Exp Neurol, 2010; 69(9): 918-929. [PDF]
  8. Gavett BE, Stern RA, Cantu RC, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC. Mild traumatic brain injury: a risk factor for neurodegeneration. Alzheimer’s Research & Therapy 2010, 2:18. [PDF]
  9. McKee AC, Cantu RC, Nowinski CJ, Hedley-Whyte ET, Gavett BE, Budson AE, Santini VE, Lee H-Y, Kubilus CA, Stern RA.Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Athletes: Progressive Tauopathy following Repetitive Head Injury.  J Neuropath Exp Neurol, 2009; 68(7): 709-735. [PDF]
  10. Gavett BE, Stern RA, McKee AC. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy: A Potential Late Effect of Sport-Related Concussive and Subconcussive Head Trauma. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 30(1), 179-188, 2011. (In Press)
  11. Daneshvar DH, Baugh CM, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Stern RA, Cantu RC. Helmets and Mouth Guards: The Role of Personal Equipment in Preventing Sport-Related Concussions.  Clinics in Sports Medicine, 30 (1), 145-163,  January 2011. [PDF]
  12. Daneshvar DH, Nowinski CJ, McKee AC, Cantu RC. The Epidemiology of Sports-Related Concussion. Clinics in Sports Medicine, 30(1), 1-17, January 2011. [PDF]
  13. Stern, RA, Gavett BE, Baugh C, Nowinski CJ, Cantu RC, McKee AC. Recurrent sports-related traumatic brain injury and tauopathy. Edited by M. Oria and J. Erdman. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. 2011 (In Press)
  14. McKee AC, Stein TD, Nowinski CJ, Stern RA, Daneshvar DH, Alvarez VE, Lee HS, Hall G, Wojtowicz SM, Baugh CM, Riley DO, Kubilus CA, Cormier KA, Jacobs MA, Martin BR, Abraham CR, Ikezu T, Reichard RR, Wolozin BL, Budson AE, Goldsteing LE, Kowall NW, Cantu RC. The spectrum of disease in chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Brain. 2012 December 2; 135(12). [PDF]

Selection of Dr. Cantu’s Publications

Dr. Cantu is a member of the Sport Neurotrauma and Concussion Initiative Research Committee that oversees the Sports Concussion Library, led by Paul Echlin M.D. The site includes more than 2,300 peer-reviewed journal articles, 61 book chapters and entries on thesis research, concussion legislation on the federal, state and provincial levels, filmed documentaries and a downloadable SCAT2 test, the standard sideline concussion assessment tool.

  1. Chin LS, Toshkezi G, Cantu RC, Traumatic Encephalopathy Related to Sports Injury, US Neurology, 2011;7(1):33-6.
  2. Chin LS, Jayarao M, Cantu RC: Inside Sports-Related Head Injury: Tau Inclusion Bodies and Proteins in a Tangle. Neurosurgeon, 2011;20(1):4-7.
  3. Thomas M, Haas, TS, Doerer, JJ, Hodges JS, Aicher BO, Garberich RF, Mueller FO, Cantu RC, Maron BJ: Epidemiology of Sudden Death in Young, Competitive Athletes Due to Blunt Trauma. Pediatrics July 2011
  4. Cantu RC: Is Helmet Design the Answer to Concussion in Sports. Active Voice Bulletin ACSM, September 2010.
  5. Cantu RC: World Cup Soccer; A Major League Soccer Superstar’s Career-Ending Injury, Concussion; and World Neurosurgery: A Common Thread. World Neurosurgery August/September 2010;74(2/3):224-225.
  6. Jayarao M, Chin L, Cantu R. Boxing-Related Head Injuries. The Physician and Sportsmedicine. October 2010;(3):0091-3847.
  7. Cantu RC, Guskiewicz K, Register-Mhialik JK. A Retrospective Clinical Analysis of Moderate to Severe Athletic Concussions. PM&R. December 2010;(2)12:1088-1093.
  8. Mihalik JP, Blackburn JT, Greenwald RM, Cantu RC, Marshall SW, Guskiewicz KM. Collision type and player anticipation affect head impact severity among youth ice hockey players. Pediatrics. June 2010;125(6):e1394-401.
  9. Echlin PS, Tator CH, Cusimano MD, Cantu RC, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Czarnota M, Hall CR, Johnson AM, Forwell LA, Driediger M, Skopelja EN. Return to play after an initial or recurrence concussion in a prospective study of physician-observed junior ice hockey concussions: implications for return to play after a concussion. Neurosurg Focus 2010;29(5):E5.
  10. Echlin PS, Johnson AM, Riverin S, Tator CH, Cantu RC, Cusimano MD, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Hall CR, Forwell LA, Skopelja EN. A prospective study of concussion education in 2 junior ice hockey teams: implications for sports concussion education. Neurosurg Focus 2010;29(5):E6.
  11. Echlin PS, Tator CH, Cusimaon MD, Cantu RC, Taunton JE, Upshur RE, Hall CR, Johnson AM, Forwell LA, Skopelja EN. A prospective study of physician-observed concussions during junior ice hockey: implications for incidence rates. Neurosurg Focus 2010;29(5):E4.
  12. Cantu, R: Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport – The 3rd International Conference on Concussion, Zurich, November 2008. Neurosurgery 64(5):786-787, 2009.
  13. Cantu RC, Gean A. Second Impact Syndrome and a Thin Subdural Hematoma: An Uncommon Catastrophic Result of Repetitive Head Injury With a Characteristic Imaging Appearance. J Neurotrauma 2010;27:1-8.
  14. Cantu RC: Commentary When to Disqualify an Athlete After a Concussion, Current Sports Medicine Reports 8:6-7,2009.
  15. Mihalik JP, Greenwalk RM, Blackburn JT, Cantu RC, Marshall SW, Guskiewicz KM. The effect of infraction type on head impact severity in youth ice hockey. Med Sci Sports Exer. 2010;42:1431-1438
  16. Cantu RC, Mueller FO. The prevention of catastrophic head and spine injuries in high school and college sports. Br J Sports Med. 2009;43:981-986.
  17. McCrory JP, Meeuwisse W, Johnston K, Dvorak J, Aubry M, Mallow M, Cantu R. Consensus statement on concussion in sports – the Third International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2008, Phy Sportsmed. 2009;37:141-159.
  18. Cantu RC: Commentary When to Disqualify an Athlete After a Concussion, Current Sports Medicine Reports 8:6-7,2009.
  19. Cantu, R: Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport – The 3rd International Conference on Concussion, Zurich, November 2008. Neurosurgery 64(5):786-787, 2009.
  20. Terrell, T, Bostick, R, Abramson, Xie, D, R, Barfield, W, Cantu, R, Stanek, M, Ewing, T. APOE, APOE Promoter, and Tau Genotypes and Risk for Concussion in College Athletes. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 18:10-17, 2008.
  21. Davis G, Ugokwe K. Roger EP, Benzel EC, Cantu RC, Rogers M, Dvorak J, McCrory P: Br J Sports Med June 2008
  22. Cantu RC, Detection of postconcussion abnormalities after injury in young athletes. Clin J Sport Med 2007;17(5):435-436.
  23. Standaert CJ, Herring SA, Cantu RC: Expert Opinion and Controversies in Sports and Musculoskeletal Medicine: Concussion in the Young Athlete. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 2007;88:1077-1079.
  24. Cantu RC, Herring SA, Putukian M: Concussion: Letter to the Editor. NEJM 2007;356(17):1787.